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2013
06. Safe fragrances
05. DNA mass information store
04. Garden mounds for permaculture
03. Silver as high-tech material
02. Micro needle transmits medications and light
01. Electricity storage in gravity systems

2012
12. An eye on space hazards
11. Water purification through freezing
10. Solar shingles
09. Trinary code
08. Vegetation-based battery materials
07. Indoor position location
06. The interface industry
05. Hypersonic aircraft
04. Re-usable glass packaging
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02. Magnet making bacteria
01. Ultra-light solids

2011
12. Ultrasound in water
11. Projected touchscreen
10. Electric airplane
08. Glass hard disc
04. Nuclear hazard
03. Clearing “sewer soap”
02. Water harvesting
01. Tea bag size personal water filter

2010
12. Human powered water transport
11. The Technium
08. Bio-remediation of oil spills
07. Cleaner coal
05. Oil spill remediation
04. Solar towers
03. Brain-computer
02. Biodiesel producing bacteria
01. Hydrogen producing bacteria

2009
12. Levitating living organisms
11. A new blue
10. Polymer magnets
09. Electric vehicle batteries
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07. Algal biofuel
06. Geo-Thermal Heat Pump
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04. Fenestration
03. Text to voice
02. Implantable ID chips
01. Air cleansing building material

2008
12. ebooks
11. Energy Harvesting
10. Private space-flights
09. Virus identification chip
08. Bio-fuels
07. Electronic financial trading
06. Bio-remediation
05. New tech agriculture
04. Manufactured Hotels
03. Magnetic Induction
02. Genetic Vaults
01. Solid-state lighting

2007
12 Bacteria in agriculture and industry
11. Blue revolution
10. Electronic nose
09. Nuclear sarcophagus
08. Shape shifting technology
07. Thought activated technology
06. Green is cool - make me look green
05. Electronic 'drugs'
04. Super-canals and super-ships
03. Environmentally friendly technology: greens versus grays
02. Agriculture: food,fiber and fuel
01. FPGA floating-point performance surpasses microprocessor

2006
08. Energy sources for electricity compete
07. Universal interface (UI)
06. Magnetic levitation
05. Light pipes
04. Storage of electricity
03. Automotive engines
02. Molecular assembly
01. Introducing Technoscan Newsbriefs


Vol. 5, No. 12, December 31, 2010
ISSN 1932-3018

Human powered water transport
Positioning this technology in the
Functionality Grid
  Output
Matter
(M)
Energy
(E)
Information
(I)
A
C
T
I
O
N
Process
Transport
Storage
Reformatted from: Van Wyk, Rias J: Technology - A Unifying Code, 2004, SMG, Cape Town, p.34. Based on: Ropohl, Gunter: Eine Systemtheorie der Technik, 1979, Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich and Vienna, p.178.
This Newsbrief deals with the phenomenon of human powered water transportation. More particularly it deals with the use of a rolling drum drawn by a person. In terms of the Atlas of Technological Megatrends, it is concerned with the functionality of matter transportation.
In developing societies providing water is usually a major problem. The task of fetching water is mostly the responsibility of women or youngsters. Frequently they have to walk long distances to water sources.
Three kinds of devices are used to carry water:
  • Buckets or cans carried by hand or on the head
  • Back packs made of metal or plastic
  • Drums that are rolled ahead by hand
Now a variation of the rolling drum has become available. A drum that is pulled. Called the Q Drum, it is shaped like an elongated doughnut, with a gap at its core to allow a loose "axle" to pass through. The axle can be made of flexible material like rope. The ends of the rope are then brought together in front of the drum and either held by hand or fastened around a person. The person provides the energy to pull the drum. The drum is made of polyethylene, can hold 50 liters of water, has a length of 475 mm. and is 430 mm. in diameter.
This technology is at an advanced stage of development and dissipation. In terms of the NASA scale of Technology Readiness Level (1 to 9), it is between levels 7 and 8.
The technology has been featured in a number of publications and television programs, and is on display at various design centres in Europe and Asia. Further applications are foreseen in the military, in agriculture, and in disaster relief operations. http://www.qdrum.co.za/home

© Rias J. van Wyk, 2013. Editor.